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Patrick MARTIN

Assistant Professor
Biogeochemistry
Phone: 6513 8683
Office Location: N2-01c-46

Education:

  • Ph.D. in Oceanography, University of Southampton, UK (2011)
  • B.Sc. (Hons.) in Biology, University of York, UK (2007)


Biography:

  • 2016–present: Assistant Professor in marine biogeochemistry at the Asian School of the Environment, NTU
  • 2013–2016: Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Earth Observatory of Singapore studying coral skeletal geochemistry for palaeoceanographic proxy development, focusing on boron and carbon isotopes
  • 2011–2013: Postdoctoral Scholar at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (USA) researching marine phosphorus cycling and phytoplankton phosphorus physiology


Research Interests:

My main research focus at present is on the input of dissolved organic matter from land to coastal seas in South-East Asia. The extensive tropical peat soils in this region are responsible for a significant proportion of the global total land-to-sea organic carbon flux, but we still have a poor understanding of the factors governing this flux, and in particular of how land-derived organic carbon is biogeochemically cycled in estuaries and seas. We also know little about how this carbon flux affects coastal marine environments. Because human land-use practices can have a large impact on the amount of organic carbon released from soils, it is important that we gain a better understanding of the biogeochemical cycling of dissolved organic carbon in the sea.

Closely related to the biogeochemistry of organic carbon in the sea is the cycling of nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus, and this is a further research interest of mine. The concentrations and cycling of nitrogen and phosphorus exert an important control over plankton production in the oceans, and are thus intimately linked to the biogeochemical cycling of carbon. Moreover, human societies have strongly altered the global nitrogen and phosphorus cycles, especially through the release of nutrients to aquatic environments. South-East Asia’s tropical seas are naturally low in nutrient concentrations, and thus especially vulnerable to excessive anthropogenic inputs.

My research relies to a large extent on collecting samples in the field and analysing them using a range of chemical techniques. My laboratory operates a TOC analyser to measure dissolved organic carbon, a Segmented-Flow Autoanalyser to measure dissolved nutrients, a spectrophotometer and scanning fluorometer for optical measurements of dissolved organic matter, analysers for total alkalinity and dissolved inorganic carbon, and in-situ sensors for seawater carbonate system parameters. In addition, we are working to develop locally validated algorithms to estimate biogeochemical parameters from satellite remote sensing imagery. We are working at field sites in Singapore and Borneo, and looking to expand our activities to other sites in South-East Asia.



Selected Publications: 

  • Martin P. et al. (2016). Deep-sea coral d13C: a tool to reconstruct the difference between seawater pH and d11B-derived calcification site pH. Geophysical Research Letters 43, 299– 308, doi:10.1002/2015GL066494
  • Martin P. et al. (2014). Accumulation and enhanced cycling of polyphosphate by Sargasso Sea plankton in response to low phosphorus. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111, 8089–8094, doi:10.1073/pnas.1321719111
  • Martin P. et al. (2013). Iron fertilization enhanced net community production but not downward particle flux during the Southern Ocean iron fertilization experiment LOHAFEX. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 27, doi:10.1002/gbc.20077
  • Martin P. et al. (2011). Export and mesopelagic particle flux during a North Atlantic spring diatom bloom. Deep-Sea Research Part I 58:338-349, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2011.01.006
  • Martin P. et al. (2011). Phosphorus supply drives rapid turnover of membrane phospholipids in the diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana. The ISME Journal 5:1057-1060, doi:10.1038/ismej.2010.192


Teaching:
 
  • ES3801: Biogeochemistry
  • ES3003: Geochemistry (Lecture 8: Biogeochemistry)