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Publications

2020

Hedblom, M., Hedenås, H., Blicharska, M., Adler, S., Mikusiński, G., Svensson, J., Sandström, S., Sandström, P. and Wardle, D. A. (2020) Landscape perception: linking physical monitoring data to perceived landscape properties. Landscape Research 45: 179-192.

Jucker T, Jackson TD, Zellweger F, Swinfield T, Gregory N, Williamson J, Slade EM, Phillips JW, Bittencourt PR, Blonder B, Boyle MJ (2020) A research agenda for microclimate ecology in human-modified tropical forests. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 2:92.

Kerdraon D, Drewer J, Chung AYC, Majalap N, Slade EM, Bréchet L, Wallwork A, Castro-Trujillo B, Sayer EJ (2020) Litter inputs, but not litter diversity, maintain soil processes in degraded tropical forests—a cross-continental comparison. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 2: 90.

Lembrech, J., Aalto, J., Ashcroft, M.B…Smith, S.W…Nijs, I. (2020) SoilTemp: a global database of near-surface temperature, Global Change Biology (in press)

Luke SH, Dwi Advento A, Dow RA, Aryawan AAK, Barclay H, Eycott AE, .....Slade EM.....Turner EC (2020). Complexity within an oil palm monoculture: The effects of habitat variability and rainfall on adult dragonfly (Odonata) communities. Biotropica 52: 366-378.

Luke SH, Dwi Advento A, Aryawan AAK, Adhy DN, Ashton-Butt A, Barclay H, .....Slade EM.....Turner EC (2020). Managing Oil Palm Plantations More Sustainably: Large-Scale Experiments Within the Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function in Tropical Agriculture (BEFTA) Programme. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 2: 75.

Raine EH, Mikich SB, Lewis OT, Slade EM (2020) Linking dung beetle‐mediated functions to interactions in the Atlantic Forest: Sampling design matters. Biotropica 52: 215-220.

Sapsford, S. J., Brandt, A. J, Davis, K. T., Peralta, G., Dickie, I. A., Gibson, R. D., Green, J., Hulme, P. E., Nuñez, M., Orwin, K. H., Pauchard, A., Wardle, D. A. and Peltzer, D. A. (2020) Towards a framework for understanding the context-dependence of the impacts of non-native tree species. Functional Ecology (in press).

Sarzynski, T., Giam, X., Carrasco, L. and Lee, J. S. H. (2020) Combining radar and optical imagery to map oil palm plantations in Sumatra, Indonesia using Google Earth Engine. Remote Sensing 12: 1220.

Smith, S.W., Graae, B.J., Bukombe, J., Hassan, S.N., Lyamuya R., Mtweve P.J., Treydte, A.C., Speed, J.D.M. (2020) Savannah trees buffer plant herbaceous biomass against wild and domestic herbivores. Applied Vegetation Science, 23: 185 – 96

Smith, S.W., Taghizadeh-Toosi, A., Ostonen, I. (2020) Root decomposition, in Halbritter et al. The handbook for standardized field and laboratory measurements in terrestrial climate-change experiments and observational studies. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 11: 22-37

Sundqvist, M., Sanders, N. J., Dorrepaal, E., Lindén, E., Metcalfe, D., Newman, G., Olofsson, J., Wardle, D. A. and Classen, A. (2020) Responses of tundra plant community carbon flux to experimental warming, dominant species removal and elevation. Functional Ecology (in press).

Thakur, M. P., Phillips, H. R. P., Brose, U., De Vries, F. T., Lavelle, P., ……. Wardle, D. A……..,Wall, D. H. and  Cameron, E. K. (2020) Toward an integrative understanding of soil biodiversity. Biological Reviews 95: 350-364. 

van den Hoogen, J., Geisen, S., Wall, D., Wardle, D. A., Traunsperger, W., De Goede, R. G. M., Adams…… (2020) A global database of soil nematode abundance and functional group composition. Scientific Data 7: Art 103.

Watling JI, Arroyo-Rodríguez V, Pfeifer M, Baeten L, Banks-Leite C, Cisneros LM, .....Slade EM.....Fahrig L (2020). Support for the habitat amount hypothesis from a global synthesis of species density studies. Ecology Letters 23: 674-681.

Wardle, D. A., Gundale, M. J., Kardol, P., Nilsson M.-C. and Fanin, N. (2020) Impact of plant functional group and species removals on soil and plant nitrogen and phosphorus across a retrogressive chronosequence. Journal of Ecology 108: 561-573.

 

2019

Adair, K. L., Lindgreen, S., Poole, A., M., Young, L. M., Bernard-Verdier, M., Wardle, D. A. and Tylianakis, J. M. (2019) Above and belowground community strategies respond to different global change drivers. Scientific Reports 9: Art. 2540.

Betts MG, Wolf C, Pfeifer M, Banks-Leite C, Arroyo-Rodríguez V, Ribeiro D, .....Slade EM.....Ewers RM (2019). Extinction filters mediate the global effects of habitat fragmentation on animals. Science 366: 1236-1239.

Cavard, X., Bergeron, Y., Paré, D., Nilsson, M.-C. and Wardle, D. A. (2019) Disentangling effects of time since fire, overstory composition and organic layer thickness on nutrient availability in Canadian boreal forest. Ecosystems 22: 33-48. 

Chase JM, Liebergesell M, Sagouis A, May F, Blowes SA, Berg Å, .....Slade EM.....Ziv V (2019). FragSAD: A database of diversity and species abundance distributions from habitat fragments. Ecology 100(12): e02861.

Coleman, J.L , J.S. Ascher, D. Bickford, D. Buchori, A. Cabanban, ...Lee, J. S. H., …. Luskin, M. S.,…..Slade, E. M….. (2019) Top 100 research questions for biodiversity conservation in Southeast Asia. Biological Conservation 234, 211-220.

Doughty, H., Veríssimo, D., Tan, R. C. Q., Lee, J. S. H., Carrasco LR, Oliver K, et al. 2019. Saiga horn user characteristics, motivations, and purchasing behaviour in Singapore. PLoS ONE 14: e0222038.

Eisenhauer, N., Schielzeth, H., Barnes, A. D., …… Wardle, D. A., Weigelt, A., Weisser, W. W., Wirth, C. and Jochum, M. (2019) A multitrophic perspective on biodiversity–ecosystem functioning research. Advances in Ecological Research 61: 1-54.

Fanin, N., Kardol, P., Farrell, M., Kempel, A., Ciobanu, M., Nilsson, M.-C., Gundale, M. J. and Wardle, D. A. (2019) Effects of plant functional group removal on structure and function of soil communities across contrasting ecosystems. Ecology Letters 22: 1095-1103.

Fanin, N., Kardol, P., Farrell, M., Nilsson, M.-C., Gundale, M. J. and Wardle, D. A. (2019) The ratio of Gram-positive to Gram-negative bacterial PLFA markers as an indicator of carbon availability in organic soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 128: 111-114.

Frost, C. M., Allen, W. J., Courchamp, F., Jeschke, J. M., Saul, W. C. and Wardle, D. A. (2019) Using network theory to understand and predict biological invasions. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 33: 831-843.

Gray REJ, Slade EM, Chung AYC, Lewis OT (2019) Movement of moths through riparian reserves within oil palm plantations. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 2: 68.

Gundale, M. J., Wardle, D. A., Kardol, P. and Nilsson, M.-C. (2019) Comparison of plant-soil feedback experimental approaches for testing soil biotic interactions among ecosystems. New Phytologist 221: 577-587.

Kenzo, T., Ichie, T., Kamiya, K., Ngo, K. M. and Lum, S. K. Y. (2019). Rooting ability of leafy stem cuttings of hybrid Shorea (Dipterocarpaceae). Journal of Tropical Forest Science 31: 324-331.

Kenzo, T., Kamiya, K., Ngo, K. M., Nik, F., Lum, S. K., Y., Igarashi, S.,  Norichika, Y. and Ichie, T. (2019) Overlapping flowering periods among Shorea species and high growth performance of hybrid seedlings promote hybridization and introgression in a tropical rainforest of Singapore. Forest Ecology and Management 435: 38-44.

Kono, Y., Peng, C. I., Hoshi, Y., Yokota, M., Setoguchi, H., Lum, S. K. Y. and  Oginuma, K. (2019) Intraspecific karyotype polymorphism and chromosomal evolution of Lysimachia mauritiana (Primulaceae) in the Ryukyu Archipelage of Japan and Taiwan. Cytologia 84: 93-103.

Liu, J, Bawa K, Seager T, Mao G, Ding D, Lee J.S.H., and Swim J. (2019) On knowledge generation and use for sustainability. Nature Sustainability 2: 80-82.

Luskin, M.S., Ickes, K., Yao, T.L. & Davies, S.J. (2019). Wildlife differentially affect tree and liana regeneration in a tropical forest: An 18-year study of experimental terrestrial defaunation versus artificially abundant herbivores. Journal of Applied Ecology, 56, 1379–1388.

Ngo, K.M., Hosaka, T., Numata, S. (2019) The influence of childhood nature experience on attitudes and tolerance towards problem-causing animals in Singapore. Urban Forestry and Urban Greenery 41: 150–157.

Menge, D. N. L., Chisholm, R., Davies, S. J., Samim, K. A., Allen, D., ….Lum, S. K. Y.…... (2019) Patterns of nitrogen-fixing tree abundance in forests across Asia and America. Journal of Ecology 107: 2598-2610

Parrett JM, Mann DJ, Chung AYC, Slade EM, Knell RJ (2019). Sexual selection predicts the persistence of populations within altered environments. Ecology Letters 22: 1629-1637

Phillips, H. R. P., Carlos, C. A., Guerra, A., Bartz, M. L. C., Briones, M. J. I., Brown, G. B.,….. Wardle, D. A….. (2019) Global distribution of earthworm diversity. Science 366: 480-486.

Png, G. K., Lambers, H., Kardol, P., Turner, B. L., Wardle, D. A. and Laliberté, E. (2019) Biotic and abiotic plant-soil feedback depends on nitrogen-acquisition strategy and shifts during long-term ecosystem development. Journal of Ecology 107:142-153.

Pugnaire, F. I., Morillo, J. A., Peñuelas, J., Reich, P. B., Bardgett, R. D., Gaxiola, A., Wardle, D. A. and van der Putten, W. H. (2019) Climate change effects on plant-soil feedbacks and consequences for 1 biodiversity and functioning of terrestrial ecosystems. Science Advances 9: eeaz1804.

Roos, R., van Zuijlen, K., Birkemoe, T., Klanderud, K., Lang, S., Bokhorst, S., Wardle, D. A. and Asplund, J.  (2020) Contrasting drivers of community-level trait variation for vascular plants, lichens, and bryophytes across an elevational gradient. Functional Ecology 33: 2430-2436.

Slade EM, Bagchi R, Keller N, Philipson CD (2019). When do more species maximize more ecosystem services? Trends in Plant Science 24(9): 790-793.

Sze JS, Jefferson, and Lee J. S. H. (2019) Evaluating Social and Environmental Factors behind the 2015 Extreme Fire Event in Sumatra, Indonesia. Environmental Research Letters, 14:015001.

Teste, F. P., Kardol, P., Turner, B. L., Wardle, D. A., Zemunik, G., Renton, M. and Laliberté, E. (2019) Toward more robust plant-soil feedback research: a comment. Ecology 100: Art. 2590.

Tham, J., Sarkar, S., Jia, S., Reid, J. S., Mishra, S., Sudiana, I. M., Swarup, S., Ong, C. N. and Liya Y. E. (2019) Impacts of peat-forest smoke on urban PM2. 5 in the Maritime Continent during 2012–2015: Carbonaceous profiles and indicators. Environmental Pollution 248: 496-505.

Tiegs, S. D., Costello, D. M., Isken, M W., Woodward, G.,…… Mishra, S….. (2019) Global patterns and drivers of ecosystem functioning in rivers and riparian zones. Science Advances 5 : eaav0486.

van den Hoogen, J., Geisen, S., Routh, D., Ferris, H., Traunspurger, W., Wardle, D. A….. (2019) Soil nematode abundance, distribution, and trophic group composition at a global scale. Nature 572: 194-198.

Veen, G. F., Snoek, B. L., Bakx-Schotman, T., Wardle, D. A. and Van der Putten, W. (2019) Relationships between fungal community composition in decomposing leaf litter and home-field advantage effects. Functional Ecology 33: 1524-1535.

Woodham CR, Aryawan AAK, Luke SH, Manning P, Caliman J-P, Naim M, Turner EC & Slade EM (2019). Effects of Replanting and Retention of Mature Oil Palm Riparian Buffers on Ecosystem Functioning in Oil Palm Plantations. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 2: 29.

 

2018

Bokhorst, S., Veen, G.F., Sundqvist, M., De Long, J.R., Kardol, P. and Wardle, D. A. (2018) Contrasting responses of springtails and mites to elevation and vegetation type in the sub-Arctic. Pedobiologia 67: 57-64.​

Fanin, N., Gundale, M. J., Farrell, M., Ciobanu, M., Baldock, J. A., Nilsson, M.-C., Kardol, P. and Wardle, D. A. (2018) Consistent effects of biodiversity loss on multifunctionality across contrasting ecosystems. Nature Ecology and Evolution 2: 269-278.

Fei, S., Jo, I., Guo, Q., Wardle, D. A., Fang, J., Chen, A., Oswalt, C. M. and Brockerhoff, E. G. (2018) Impacts of climate on the biodiversity-productivity relationship in natural forests. Nature Communications 9: Art 5436.

Jia, S., Wang, X., Yuan, Z., Lin, F., Ye, J., Hao, Z. & Luskin, M.S(2018). Global signal of top-down control of terrestrial plant communities by herbivores. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 115: 6237-6242.

Johnson, D.J., Needham, J., Xu, C, Massoud, E. C., Davies, S. J.,…...Lum, S. K. Y…..(2018) Climate sensitive size-dependent survival in tropical trees. Nature Ecology & Evolution 2: 1436-1442.

Kardol, P., Fanin, N. and Wardle, D. A. (2018) Long term impacts of species loss on community properties across contrasting ecosystems. Nature 557: 710-713.

Lett, S., Wardle, D. A., Nilsson, M.-C., Teuber, L. and Dorrepaal, E. (2018) The role of bryophytes for tree seedling responses to winter climate change: implications for the stress gradient hypothesis. Journal of Ecology 106: 1142-1155.

Luskin, M.S., Lee, J.S.H., Edwards, D., Gibson, L. & Potts, M.D. (2017) A quantitative review of land sparing agricultural production strategies to conserve tropical forest biodiversity. Global Food Security 16: 29-35.

Lutz, J.A., Furniss, T.J., Johnson, D.J., Davies, S.J., Allen, D., Alonso, A., Anderson-Teixeira, K.J., …Lum, S. …, 2018. Global importance of large-diameter trees. Global Ecology and Biogeography 27: 849–864.

Ngo, K.M. and Lum, S. (2018) Aboveground biomass estimation of tropical street trees. Journal of Urban Ecology 4: jux020

Veen, G. F., Keiser, A. D., van der Putten, W. H. and Wardle, D. A. (2018) Variation in home-field advantage and ability in leaf litter decomposition across successional gradients. Functional Ecology 32: 1563-1574.

Wardle, D. A. and Ghani, A. (2018) A tale of two theories, a chronosequence and a bioindicator of soil quality (Citation Classic commentary). Soil Biology and Biochemistry 121: a3-a7.

 

2017

Asplund, J and Wardle, D. A. (2017) How lichens impact on terrestrial community and ecosystem properties. Biological Reviews 92: 1720-1738.

Bradford, M. A., Veen, G. F., Bonis, A., Bradford, E. M., Classen, A. T., Cornelissen, J. H. C., Crowther, T. W.,…… Viketoft, M., Wardle, D. A., Wieder, W. R., Wood, D. A. and van der Putten, W. H. (2017) A test of the hierarchical model of litter decomposition. Nature Ecology and Evolution 1: 1836-1845.

Bokhorst, S., Berg, M. P., and Wardle, D. A. (2017) Micro-arthropod community responses to ecosystem retrogression in boreal forest. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 110: 79-86.

Bokhorst, S., Kardol, P., Bellingham, P. J., Kooyman, R. M., Richardson, S. J., Schmidt, S. and Wardle, D. A. (2017) Responses of communities of soil organisms and plants to soil aging at two contrasting long-term chronosequences. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 106: 69-79.

Freschet, G. T., Valverde-Barrantes, O. J., Tucker, C. M., Craine, J. M., McCormack, M. L., Violle, C.,…… Soudzilovskaia, N. A., Tjoelker, M., Wardle, D. A. & Roumet, C. (2017) Climate, soil and plant functional types as drivers of global fine-root trait variation. Journal of Ecology 105: 1182-1196.

Giesler, R., Clemmensen, K. E., Wardle, D. A., Klaminder, J. and Bindler, R. (2017) Boreal forests sequester large amounts of mercury over millennial time scales in the absence of wildfire. Environmental Science and Technology 51: 2621-2627.

Gundale, M. J., Wardle, D. A., Kardol, P., Van der Putten, W. H. and Lucas, R. W. (2017) Soil handling methods should be selected based on research questions and goals. New Phytologist 216: 18-23.

Inderjit, Catford, J. A., Kalisz, S., Simberloff, D. and Wardle, D. A. (2017) A framework for understanding human-driven vegetation change. Oikos 126: 1687-1698.

Isbell, F., Gonzalez, A., Loreau, M., Cowles, J., Díaz, S., Hector, A., Mace, G. M., Wardle, D. A., O'Connor, M. I., Duffy, J. E., Turnbull, L. A., Thompson, P. L. and Larigauderie, A. (2017) Linking the influence and dependence of people on biodiversity across scales. Nature 546: 65-72.

Ke, A. and Luskin, M. S. (2017) Integrating disparate occurrence reports to map data-poor species ranges and occupancy: a case study of the Vulnerable bearded pig Sus barbatus. Oryx 55:  1-11.

Laliberté, E., Kardol, P., Didham, R. K., Teste, F. P., Turner, B. L. and Wardle, D. A. (2017) Soil fertility shapes belowground food webs across a regional climate gradient. Ecology Letters 20: 1273-1284.

Lett, S., Nilsson, M.-C., Wardle, D. A. and Dorrepaal, E. (2017) Bryophyte traits explain climate-warming effects on tree seedling establishment. Journal of Ecology 105: 496-506.

Liebhold, A. M., Brockerhoff, E. G., Kalisz, S., Nuñez, M. A., Wardle, D. A. and Wingfield, M. J. (2017). Biological invasions in forest ecosystems (invited Elton review). Biological Invasions 11: 3437-3458.

Luskin, M.S., Albert, W.R. and Tobler, M.V. (2017). Sumatran tiger survival threatened by deforestation despite increasing densities in parks. Nature Communications 8: Art. 1783.

Luskin, M.S., Brashares, J.S., Ickes, K., Fletcher, C.D., Wright, S.J., Potts, M.D. (2017). Cross-boundary subsidy cascades from oil palm degrade distant tropical forests. Nature Communications: Art. 2231.

Luskin, M.S. and Ke, A., (2017). The bearded pig. In Melletti, M., & Meijaard, E. (Eds). Ecology, Evolution and Management of Wild Pigs and Peccaries. Implications for Conservation. Cambridge University Press.

Mayor, J. R., Sanders, N. J., Classen, A. T., Bardgett, R. D., Clément, J. J., Fajardo, A., Lavorel, S., Sundqvist, M. K., Bahn, M., Chisholm, C., Cieraad, E., Gedalof, Z., Grigulis, K., Kudo, G.,  Oberski, D. and Wardle, D. A. (2017) Elevation alters ecosystem properties across temperate treelines globally. Nature 542: 91-97.

Ricciardi, A., Blackburn, T. M., Carlton, J. T., Dick, J. T. A., Hulme, P. E., Iacarella, J. C., Jeschke, J. M…….  Sutherland, W. J., Wardle, D. A. and Aldridge, D. C. (2017) Invasion science: Looking forward rather than revisiting old ground. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 32: 809-810.

Ricciardi, A., Blackburn, T. M., Carlton, J. T., Dick, J. T. A., ……. Sutherland, W. J., Wardle, D. A. and Aldridge, D. C. (2017) Invasion science: a horizon scan of emerging challenges and opportunities. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 32: 464-474.

Teste, F. P., Kardol, P., Turner, B. L., Wardle, D. A., Zemunik, G., Renton, M. and Laliberté, E. (2017) Plant-soil biota feedback and the maintenance of diversity in Mediterranean-climate shrublands. Science 355: 173-176.

Thoresen, J., Towns, D., Leuzinger, S., Durrett, M., Mulder, C. P. H. and Wardle, D. A. (2017) Invasive rodents have multiple indirect effects on seabird island invertebrate food web structure. Ecological Applications 27: 1190-1198.

Veen, G. F., De Long, J. R., Kardol, P., Sundqvist, M. K., Snoek, L. B. and Wardle, D. A. (2017) Coordinated responses of soil communities to elevation in three subarctic vegetation types. Oikos 126: 1586-1599.

Wardle, D. A. and Peltzer, D. (2017) Impacts of invasive biota in forest ecosystems in an aboveground-belowground context. Biological Invasions 19: 3301-3316.

Wright, A. J., Wardle, D. A., Callaway, R. and Gaxiola, A. (2017) The overlooked role of facilitation in biodiversity experiments. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 32: 383-390.

 

2016 and earlier (including historic Bukit Timah Nature Reserve papers)

Harrison, R.D., Sreekar, R., Brodie, J.F., Brook, S., Luskin, M.S., O’Kelley, H., Rao, M., Scheffers, B. and Velho, N. (2016) Impacts of hunting and wildlife trade on Asian tropical forests. Conservation Biology 30: 972-983.

Kenzo, T., Ichie, T., Norichika, Y., Kamiya, K., Nanami, S., Igarashi, S., Sano, M., Yoneda, R., Lum, S.K.Y.  2016. Growth and survival of hybrid dipterocarp seedlings in a tropical rain forest fragment in Singapore. Plant Ecology and Diversity 9: 447-45.

Ngo, K.M., Davies, S., Nik Hassan, N.F., Lum, S. 2016. Resilience of a forest fragment exposed to long-term isolation in Singapore. Plant Ecology and Diversity 9: 397-407.

Pei, N., Erickson, D.L., Chen, B., Ge, X., Mi, X., Swenson, N.G., Zhang, J.-L., Jones, F.A., Huang, C.-L., Ye, W., Hao, Z., Hsieh, C.-F., Lum, S., Bourg, N.A., Parker, J.D., Zimmerman, J.K., McShea, W.J., Lopez, I.C., Sun, I.-F., Davies, S.J., Ma, K., Kress, W.J. 2015. Closely-related taxa influence woody species discrimination via DNA barcoding: Evidence from global forest dynamics plots. Scientific Reports 5: 15127

Weerakoon, G., Ngo, K.M., Lum, S., Lumbsch, H.T., Lücking, R. 2015. On time or fashionably late for lichen discoveries in Singapore? Seven new species and nineteen new records of Graphidaceae from the Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, a highly urbanized tropical environment in South-East Asia. Lichenologist 47: 157-166

Erickson, D.L., F.A. Jones, N.G. Swenson, N. Pei, N.A. Bourg, W. Chen, S.J. Davies, X.J. Ge, Z.Q. Hao, R.W. Howe, C.L. Huang, A.J. Larson, S.K.Y. Lum, J.A. Lutz, K.P. Ma, M. Meegaskumbura, D.L. Xing, J.K. Zimmerman, & W.J. Kress. 2014. Comparative evolutionary diversity and phylogenetic structure across multiple forest dynamics plots: a mega-phylogeny approach. Frontiers in Genetics 5: 358

Chua S.C., B.S. Ramage, K.M. Ngo, M.D. Potts, S.K.Y. Lum. 2013. Slow recovery of a secondary tropical forest in Southeast Asia. Forest Ecology and Management 308: 153-160

Ngo, K.M., B.L. Turner, H.C. Muller-Landau, S.J. Davies, M. Larjavaara, Nik Faizu N.H., and S. Lum. 2013. Carbon stocks in primary and secondary tropical forests in Singapore. Forest Ecology and Management 296: 81-89.

Kamiya, K., Y.Y. Gan, S.K.Y. Lum, M.S. Khoo, S.C. Chua, Nik Faizu N.H. 2010. Morphological and molecular evidence of natural hybridization in Shorea (Dipterocarpaceae). Tree Genomes & Genomics 7: 297-306.

Shono, K., Davies, S.J., Chua Y.K. 2006. Regeneration of native plant species in restored forest on degraded lands in Singapore. Forest Ecology and Management 237: 574-582

LaFrankie, J.V., S.J. Davies, L.K. Wang, S.K. Lee, and S.K.Y. Lum. 2005. Forest trees of Bukit Timah: Population ecology in a tropical forest fragment. Singapore: Center for Tropical Forest Science-Arnold Arboretum Asia Program.

Lum, S. K.Y., S.K. Lee, and J.V. LaFrankie. 2005. Bukit Timah Forest Dynamics Plot, Singapore.  In: Losos, Elizabeth C. and E.G. Leigh, Jr (Eds.).  Tropical forest diversity and dynamism: Findings from a large-scale plot network.  Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. pp. 464-473.

Ercelawn, A.C., J.V. LaFrankie, S.K.Y. Lum, and S.K. Lee.  1998.  Short-term recruitment of trees in a forest fragment in Singapore.  Tropics 8 (1/2): 105-115.